The city of Acheng has a long history. It is the site of the ruins of , a prefecture in Shangjing which served as the first capital of the Jin Dynasty .
Acheng county was established in 1909. It was designated a county-level city in 1987.
The area is rich in mineral resources, seven types of which have been commercially developed, including sources of rock, volcanic rock, granite, molybdenum, zinc, lead, and copper.
The area is important in grain production, having produced 33,100 tons of grain in 2002; much of this grain is essential in feeding the important city of Harbin.
Acheng is a major industrial area for Heilongjiang, with over 300 types of enterprises, including textile, electromechanics, food, building materials , metallurgy, breweries fueled by the local grain, sugar refineries, a flax plant, and the production of medicine. In 1996 a new technology industrial development zone was created on the western side of the city to encourage the development of high technology, export-oriented industry.
Tourism is also a growing part of the local economy. Acheng is located on the popular tourist route serving Harbin, the , Lake Jingpo, and Xingkai Lake. A number of historic and nature reserves in the area also attract visitors.
The city of Acheng is a 50 km drive from the international airport at Harbin.
The Binsui Railway passes through the city. There are over twenty commuter rail lines in the rural area.
An expressway connects the city to Harbin and several other national highways run through the area.
People of note
*Huang Taihua: artist born in Acheng , director of the Academy of Fine Arts of Acheng, director of the Heilongjiang Artists Association.
*Zhao Weichen: President of China Unicom, born in Acheng